The No.1 dress uniform of the British Army, also known as "dress blues," "full dress," or "blues" has a rich history that dates back to the 19th century. Here are some key facts about its history:
1. The No.1 dress uniform was first introduced in 1845 as a replacement for the previous "undress" uniform, which was considered unsuitable for formal occasions.
2. The uniform consisted of a dark blue tunic with red facings, white trousers, and a shako (a type of military hat). The uniform was worn by all ranks of the British Army.
3. In 1855, the shako was replaced with a peaked cap, and in 1902, the white trousers were replaced with blue ones.
4. During World War I, the No.1 dress uniform was rarely worn, as soldiers wore battledress instead. However, it was still worn for ceremonial occasions and by officers in non-combat roles.
5. The No.1 dress uniform underwent further changes in the 1920s and 1930s, including the addition of a Sam Browne belt and a more fitted tunic.
6. During World War II, the No.1 dress uniform was again rarely worn, as soldiers wore battledress or service dress instead. However, it was still worn for ceremonial occasions and by officers in non-combat roles.
7. In the post-war period, the No.1 dress uniform underwent further changes, including the addition of a cummerbund and a different style of cap.
8. Today, the No.1 dress uniform is still worn by members of the British Army for formal and ceremonial occasions, such as the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace and state funerals.
9. The uniform varies slightly depending on the regiment or corps, with some regiments wearing a different style of tunic or cap.
Overall, the No.1 dress uniform of the British Army has a long and varied history, and has undergone many changes over the years. However, it remains an important symbol of the British Army's tradition and heritage.
The No.1 dress uniform of the British Army consists of the following items:
1. Tunic: The tunic is made of dark blue wool on the collar and cuffs and generally has scarlet facings on the epaulettes. The tunic is single-breasted and has 6 buttons.
2. Trousers: The trousers are made of dark blue wool and have a red stripe down the side. They are worn with braces (suspenders).
3. Shirt: The shirt is made of white cotton and has a detachable collar and cuffs. The collar is turned down, and the cuffs are fastened with cufflinks.
4. Boots: The boots are made of black leather and have a toe cap and a hobnail sole.
5. Headgear: The headgear varies depending on the regiment or corps. For example, the Household Division wears a bearskin hat, while the Royal Artillery wears a blue peaked cap.
6. Medals and insignia: Members of the British Army may wear medals and insignia on their uniform to indicate their rank, regiment, and service history.
Overall, the No.1 dress uniform is a highly formal and distinctive uniform that is worn by members of the British Army for ceremonial and formal occasions.